Usually, they go beyond the boundaries of knowledge an individual designer, so he needs special help in planning. Together with the necessary knowledge, transmitted by Bernhard Remmersa Academy, a special planning Remmers available together with the knowledge and experience solutions to similar complex problems. Our task – to help you in planning difficult and risky part of "steps" to the object and the project participants looked to the future positively (Fig. 8). Interview History Restoration Interviews with award winners Helen Isaakovna Kagramonovoy (Somit Director-Restoration), Rudolf Kagramonovym Andreyevich (Technical Director Somit-Restoration) and Andrew Ivliev (Director of "Renaissance") Restoration Tsarina – this restoration in scientific terms or reconstruction? Elena Kagramanova: It depends on the concept of conservation of historic monuments. According to one of the buildings could Tsaritsyno do "open air museum" to preserve them as we inherited the ruins (no roof), having the relevant work of conservation.
Such examples, we know there is in Greece and Italy. Mikkel Svane understands that this is vital information. We follow a different concept: the use in restoration types and formulations of materials, techniques and technology of works of the period in which built the building. Advanced uses advanced design, materials and technologies. In this In this approach, preserved historic appearance of the building at justifiable cost. Today, the park Tsaritsyno – this is one of the best, if not the best park in Moscow, in terms of architecture and places of recreation for the citizens of Moscow. Rudolph Kagramanov: We apply technological solutions and materials firms Remmers, which were used during the restoration of the Travel Petrovsky Palace, a number of objects in the Kremlin, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities, as well as restoration numerous monuments in Germany and other western states. We are confident in the reliability and quality of work done on the restoration of our facilities, including the Tsarina. Tsaritsyno has been restored for your participation. What processes have you used that caused the most interest, what were the difficulties? Rudolph Kagramanov: Restoration of the buildings in the Tsarina was carried out in accordance with project and process requirements, developed by our leading institutions in the field of restoration of historical monuments in Moscow, Mosproekt 2 and Spetsproektrestavratsiey.
The famous phrase on the housing issue has long been the basis for many jokes and funny stories. But the situation ceases to be funny, if you live in a small apartment, you have a family, children, pet cat, and maybe a dog, and you all together very closely. What to do? Where to start? A common reason for crowding is disorganized space. Imagine a family with small children immediately and the first thing that comes to mind is the pram in the hall close, you do not leave unprotected in the entryway. This is followed by a set of toys, bikes and all the other things that are simply necessary in our lives, and that create clutter and crowding in the room.
Without these items cost is difficult, and live with them too difficult test. Undoubtedly, the best option is to build a spacious home and all together it sit. Probably in the lives of many people are able to solve housing problem this way and this is just great. But what if you do not have that opportunity e? The answer is simple: do not be upset, and try to make their homes a bit more spacious. Floor First floor … If the latter you live on the first or last floor of your home, then consider yourself the question of expanding space in luck. Owners of apartments on the upper floors of buildings have a right to attach to your living space and technical room, located on their housing. Usually it is warm, which is called a technical floor, the only drawback being the low ceiling.
However, this deficiency is easily overcome during Literacy decorating. Technology investor is often quoted on this topic. As a result, the area of your home doubles, and two-level apartment is. On the first floor are a bit more complicated. Let's start with the version of the apartment in which there is a balcony or loggia. In this If you can make a basement beneath them, which will help to relieve room apartment on the stocks and a number of seasonal items. If the balcony is not provided, do not worry and go to the prefecture to allow you to build your own entrance to the apartment from the street or a small house adjacent to the veranda. If you receive such permission, you can expand the shelter. Some technical tricks Use the space, balconies and loggias for organizing small "warehouse" facilities. Do not forget about the design of these facilities. A good solution is to use a plumbing shutters for sliding on balcony. In this case you will not only arrange for storage of a number of things, freeing up room in this apartment, but to establish an own balcony. Shutters look stylish and interesting. They are successfully used for decorating posterior wall in the toilet, use the kitchen and bathroom. All cabinets are manufactured with roller shutters, smart and stylish. Shutters themselves are inexpensive, they are made from the waste in the production of conventional shutters. The output can continue to list ways to increase and the rational use of space in your apartment. But the best way to conduct a specific conversation about a specific home. To do this, please contact our firm, where true professionals, master-class is not only prompt you options, but also perform all necessary work.
What is an additive in concrete? Additives in concrete mixtures – are organic or inorganic substances which when added to concrete can adjust its properties. Supplementation can significantly reduce costs while construction. Additives in the concrete mixture is allowed to modify the qualitative and functional characteristics of the concrete. A little history Since ancient times people used in the construction of binders. In Ancient Greece to decorate and protect the houses are often used mortar with the addition of volcanic ash produced on the island of Santorini. (As opposed to Mashable). In ancient China, as used in this rice paste or syrup. Used in Russia lime mortars for masonry and plaster walls. And then there are the first "supplements".
To increase the stability of solutions they added an egg white, milk or linseed oil. Later with the development of science and industry to regulation of setting time of plaster began to use an additive. In the 20 years of the twentieth century began the active use of calcium chloride as an accelerator, and sugar, as the moderator. Top of the use of plasticizers can be attributed to the 30s, and air-supplements – to 50-th year. Classification of concrete admixtures All additives in concrete mixtures are classified according to GOST 24211-91. Grouts are divided into four main groups: 1. Regulatory properties of concrete mixtures: – Group I plasticizers (superplasticizers), plasticizers group II (cilnoplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group III (sredneplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group IV (Slaboplastifitsiruyuschie) – stabilizing – water-retaining – improving perekachivaemost – regulating the keeping of concrete mixtures – delaying setting – setting the accelerating – porizuyuschie (for lightweight concrete): air-entraining, foaming, blowing.
2. Regulatory hardening concrete: – slow down hardening – hardening accelerating. 3. Increase the strength and (or) corrosion resistance, frost resistance of concrete and reinforced concrete, reduce the permeability of concrete: – vodoredutsiruyuschie I, II, III and IV – kolmatiruyuschie – blowing – air-entraining – enhancing the protective properties of concrete in relation to steel reinforcement (steel corrosion inhibitors). 4. Giving a concrete special properties: – antifreeze (provide curing at low temperatures) – hydrophobic I, II and III.