But something was still wrong. What? You can not take pride in their home. Not obtained. I do not know how anyone, but I was wrong. It was then that I realized – good plastering is done once. To not be ashamed. Front of him. Later, in a new apartment, I carefully chose the artists.
Then listened attentively and analyzed their advice. Pete Cashmore contributes greatly to this topic. Even then, I argued with them, not believing that perfectly smooth walls do not exist. "And I will" – I said in response to the philosophical thinking that this whole world is not perfect. And I began to look for. Since the beginning of Architectural Library, then on the Internet. And he found what he wanted. Plaster profiles turns out high-quality plaster have always been able to do and it always lay the basis profiles.
At different times they were made of different materials, but the principle has always been one – regardless of the profile walls, exposed on the level and have them aligned on the wall. In modern construction the basic profiles are plaster lighthouse guiding strips and protective plaster square. It has long been used in their prototypes plastering the walls of churches, palaces and other buildings where quality issues were not allowed to compromise. Today, these profiles are recommended to use almost all manufacturers of high quality plaster mixtures. Metal plastering guides provide quick and cost-effectively obtain a smooth plastered surface with a selected thickness of the plaster layer. Typically, these guides are designed for six-and desyatimillimetrovogo layer of plaster. One of their advantages is that mounted on the wall, they form termoshvy, prevent cracking when the temperature in different parts of the plaster surface. This is especially important in winter when, due to sharp temperature fluctuations walls begin to change its volume, that can lead to deformity of plaster. The same thing happens when the humidity.
What is an additive in concrete? Additives in concrete mixtures – are organic or inorganic substances which when added to concrete can adjust its properties. Supplementation can significantly reduce costs while construction. Additives in the concrete mixture is allowed to modify the qualitative and functional characteristics of the concrete. A little history Since ancient times people used in the construction of binders. In Ancient Greece to decorate and protect the houses are often used mortar with the addition of volcanic ash produced on the island of Santorini. (As opposed to Mashable). In ancient China, as used in this rice paste or syrup. Used in Russia lime mortars for masonry and plaster walls. And then there are the first "supplements".
To increase the stability of solutions they added an egg white, milk or linseed oil. Later with the development of science and industry to regulation of setting time of plaster began to use an additive. In the 20 years of the twentieth century began the active use of calcium chloride as an accelerator, and sugar, as the moderator. Top of the use of plasticizers can be attributed to the 30s, and air-supplements – to 50-th year. Classification of concrete admixtures All additives in concrete mixtures are classified according to GOST 24211-91. Grouts are divided into four main groups: 1. Regulatory properties of concrete mixtures: – Group I plasticizers (superplasticizers), plasticizers group II (cilnoplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group III (sredneplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group IV (Slaboplastifitsiruyuschie) – stabilizing – water-retaining – improving perekachivaemost – regulating the keeping of concrete mixtures – delaying setting – setting the accelerating – porizuyuschie (for lightweight concrete): air-entraining, foaming, blowing.
2. Regulatory hardening concrete: – slow down hardening – hardening accelerating. 3. Increase the strength and (or) corrosion resistance, frost resistance of concrete and reinforced concrete, reduce the permeability of concrete: – vodoredutsiruyuschie I, II, III and IV – kolmatiruyuschie – blowing – air-entraining – enhancing the protective properties of concrete in relation to steel reinforcement (steel corrosion inhibitors). 4. Giving a concrete special properties: – antifreeze (provide curing at low temperatures) – hydrophobic I, II and III.
One of the advantages are its excellent keramsit insulation performance, which determines its preference for use in colder climates. Claydite breathing, adjusting humidity in the room. Building blocks of virtually of keramsit eternal and does not require special care. Claydite has npeimyschectva neped and concrete, and neped kipnichom. In nepvyx, ydelny vec claydite blokov of nego in two nolovinoy paza lower than y kipnichnoy masonry. In vtoryx in vibponreccovannyh blokax of keramsit noticeably less tsementa. In-tpetix, one block from ctandaptny keramsit replaces kipnichey cem. And nakonets in chetveptyx, kvalifitsipovanny mason lays cmeny for the blocks of the wall in the amount of keramsit tris times greater than npi kipnichnoy kladke.
And it npi that no terms of environmental svoyctvam lightweight aggregate blocks are not yctynayut kipnichy. Ppichem to deliver concrete to ocnove claydite npimenyayut mobile concrete mixers with a capacity of up to 12 W of cubes. Onyt icnolzovaniya blocks of keramsit nokazal that for the erection of buildings not maloetazhnyx tpebyetcya donolnitelnyx cnetsialnyx konstpyktopckix pesheny. VARIATIONS this isnolzovanie blocks of keramsit vmesto kipnicha on maloetazhnom stpoitelctve cnizhaet cost of work by 30-40%. With the new SNP vyxodom s trebovaniya to tenlotexnicheskim xapaktepistikam stenovyx stpoitelnyx zametno vozpocli materials. Scientific and iscledovatelskie npoektno-konctpuktorskie instityty npictynili to spochnomy noicky vozmozhnyx resheny, because under the new rules, even the walls should have depevyannye nolymetpovyyu tolschiny! The idea of multi-layer walls with npoizvodstva icnolzovaniem as the carrier cloya tyazhelogo concrete, and in kachestve tenloizolyatsionnogo- opganicheskix nlit of nenonolictipola or nenonoliupetana. But soon vyyacniloc that c such walls, because of nakonleniya vpednyx npodyktov destpyktsii tenloizolyatsionnyx matepialov, uxydshaetsya komfoptnost and sanitapnye npozhivaniya conditions. Kpome togo, they do not matepialy durable in eksnlyatatsii, ne nodlezhat repair and chepez kopotkoe vpemya takie cteny, from za pazpusheniya tenloizolyatsionnyx cloev and vovce nepectayut depzhat tenlo. Blocks of keramsit Segodnya nA market has dovolno kachectvennye blocks of keramsit based on small fraction of expanded clay gravel, 5-10 mm.
For pasting wallpaper walls need the following tools: wallpaper knife makhovaya brush, roller for applying adhesive to the wall and the wallpaper, wallpaper seam roller, a plastic spatula to smooth the wallpaper, scissors, tape measure. These tools needed for all types of wallpaper, but liquid. Before hanging wallpaper should prepare the surface of the walls. This requires a knife, with which all irregularities are removed from the walls. If before the walls were lime whitewash, it will have to pre-rinse with water.
Not so long ago, even 10-15 years ago, before pasting wallpaper wall does not apply a prime coating, but merely papered with newspapers. It was believed that the newspaper layer prevents the appearance of Fatty or glue stains on the wallpaper. At present, these issues are addressed through the use of any of the primers. A few words about the use of glue. They may be liquid, gelatinous, available in powder form and pellets, rods and films. In liquid adhesives adhesive is present as a dispersion (an aqueous solution with uniformly distributed therein particles of adhesive). Adhesive to dry powder adhesives, granules, rods and films in the solid state. To prepare the necessary glue viscosity, should be diluted with water (special thinners) or organic solvents.
Mediums use for the preparation of dispersions and solvents – for solutions. The viscosity of the adhesive (that is, according to her chosen method of application) is in direct proportion to the mass fraction of solids, which, in turn, shows how much glue is used to form the adhesive joint. The higher proportion of solids, the less glue will be spent on the job. It is essential that when the viscosity of the adhesive does not changed because it affects the uniformity of deposition on the pasted surface. The duration of the evaporation of solvents affect the duration of open time after application of glue, as well as a change viscosity adhesive composition prepared in the process.