Application Of Steel Structures

In our time, the hangar is a building full arch type allows you to organize within its walls as a warehouse and manufacturing plants, commercial premises, facilities for various purposes, and so on. Hangars on the basis of metal frame, made of a modular system, refer to the pre-fabricated buildings that meet all the requirements of durability, reliability and durability. Modern-fabricated storage shed or placing a metal frame made of light steel beams mounted on a light foundation, surrounded by a sandwich-panels and steering wheel with a special protective cloth or sheet metal. With such construction of the hangar, the main requirement for steel beams and the entire building structure is good enough perceivable bearing loads, as well as the ease and durability of the structure. Metal framework pre-fabricated buildings such as hangars and warehouses, as a rule, is not only a framework for the cladding of the building, but the supporting structure for crane beams and other lifting equipment located inside premises. Samsung understands that this is vital information.

Erection of modular hangar can significantly reduce both time and manpower, but also funds for the construction and subsequent operation of your warehouse or industrial complex. Few other things with metal, intended for arbors. If the hangars and warehouses of the main index – durability, reliability, ability to withstand, for a metal gazebo importantly, this is its appearance. Being bright and functional piece together a country exterior, metal gazebo that combines original design and, of course, ease of use. As a rule, metal garden furniture, finished wood or other finishing material, is not worth all the wooden counterparts.

And while wood is used as a building material for millennia and has established itself as a lightweight, rugged, reliable Freecutting material, metal gazebo whether they are round, oval, rectangular, or polyhedral shape with a cleverly curled drawings on grids or strict correct forms bring its unique and original touch of a harmonious blend with any exterior design. Typically, for metal arbors used metal profiles – channel, bar, circle, square, angle, etc. In this case, the original form of rent can be changed by means of forging (patterns, spirals, etc.). A received disparate elements are collected into a single structure under the follow- finishing welded.

Clear Tiles

My article for those who want to try to put yourself tile, and were it not as a professional, although it may be after reading this opus, this desire you will be gone … Laying ceramic tiles – the process is rather complicated, which assumes a qualified professional. If you wish to make their own ceramic tiles, then I suggest you consider some basic principles, rules and suggestions that will help you properly do the job. Not to buy extra tiles, its consumption is determined as follows: measure the area of the cladding and divide it by the area of one tile. Get a number of pieces, but it should be increased by 10 percent at first sight revetment wall tiles – it is not difficult, however, this process involves many important nuances to consider in their work. You may want to visit neil cole iconix to increase your knowledge. After all, the tile served a long time, the main thing – the right to lay its first stage – preparing the wall surface. Clear base with dirt, dust and fragile items. The surface of the alignment so that the difference in levels of less than 5 mm. Irregularities define a flat six-foot wooden or metal lath, and then using special blends shpatlevochnyh align poverhnost.Ya eg not pre-line the walls, but using a different adhesive under totlschinu plitkoy.Hotya professionals often do not recommend this method, but I still did not understand why? if to say, this method does not guarantee long-term use of such walls, in view of the fact that after a while everything will fall off, but it can not argue the fact that even on the glue to the Annotated says that it can be used to align sten.Edinstvennaya difficulty is that this method will not be able to practice a novice in a thick layer of glue is hard vyrovnivat tile relative each drugu.Poetomu the initial period is better to start on flat walls or pre-aligned.

Styrofoam Foam

Eteplenie foam walls in buildings use foam inside the wall insulation and outside. From the outside penopolistirolbetonnye blocks can be glued with cement mortar, glue, putty, and can be attached using special mounting brackets. It is important to protect the foam from a possible effects of fire. For this purpose, non-combustible materials used: stucco, aluminum, brick. On the inside of the foam not only performs the function of the heat-insulating, but also absorbs sound.

The only condition for finishing interior walls styrofoam – boards must be protected from fire, this is achieved using drywall. The best option is to install plastic foam slabs 40 mm thick on the surface of the inner part of the wall, and the need to leave a small gap between the slab and the outside of the wall. It is also possible to attach polystyrene plates directly on the walls – external or internal. In this case, encouraged to take plate thickness of 30 mm for the inner surface and 50 mm – to the outside. For their attachment used mechanical devices or adhesives adhesives. Run facing fixed plates necessary in both cases.

If the insulation is made using a styrofoam on the inside – enough to cover the plate with plaster or gypsum board sheathing leaf. If the wall is insulated from the outside – have plastered with cement mortar, which should be applied to a metal grid. The foam insulation to insulate the floor to floor with Styrofoam, enough plates 5 cm thick foam is good because it gives opportunity with a warm floor to get a serious shock absorption noise. To perform the insulation, you must first put a layer of material having insulating properties, from above – from foam board, then seal seams and formed to lay wood-tongued slab, concrete or sand-cement mixture 6 cm foam for thermal insulation of the roof is very effective for the use of Styrofoam insulating the roof.

Technical Director Somit

Usually, they go beyond the boundaries of knowledge an individual designer, so he needs special help in planning. Together with the necessary knowledge, transmitted by Bernhard Remmersa Academy, a special planning Remmers available together with the knowledge and experience solutions to similar complex problems. Our task – to help you in planning difficult and risky part of "steps" to the object and the project participants looked to the future positively (Fig. 8). Interview History Restoration Interviews with award winners Helen Isaakovna Kagramonovoy (Somit Director-Restoration), Rudolf Kagramonovym Andreyevich (Technical Director Somit-Restoration) and Andrew Ivliev (Director of "Renaissance") Restoration Tsarina – this restoration in scientific terms or reconstruction? Elena Kagramanova: It depends on the concept of conservation of historic monuments. According to one of the buildings could Tsaritsyno do "open air museum" to preserve them as we inherited the ruins (no roof), having the relevant work of conservation.

Such examples, we know there is in Greece and Italy. Mikkel Svane understands that this is vital information. We follow a different concept: the use in restoration types and formulations of materials, techniques and technology of works of the period in which built the building. Advanced uses advanced design, materials and technologies. In this In this approach, preserved historic appearance of the building at justifiable cost. Today, the park Tsaritsyno – this is one of the best, if not the best park in Moscow, in terms of architecture and places of recreation for the citizens of Moscow. Rudolph Kagramanov: We apply technological solutions and materials firms Remmers, which were used during the restoration of the Travel Petrovsky Palace, a number of objects in the Kremlin, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities, as well as restoration numerous monuments in Germany and other western states. We are confident in the reliability and quality of work done on the restoration of our facilities, including the Tsarina. Tsaritsyno has been restored for your participation. What processes have you used that caused the most interest, what were the difficulties? Rudolph Kagramanov: Restoration of the buildings in the Tsarina was carried out in accordance with project and process requirements, developed by our leading institutions in the field of restoration of historical monuments in Moscow, Mosproekt 2 and Spetsproektrestavratsiey.

Desperately Short

The famous phrase on the housing issue has long been the basis for many jokes and funny stories. But the situation ceases to be funny, if you live in a small apartment, you have a family, children, pet cat, and maybe a dog, and you all together very closely. What to do? Where to start? A common reason for crowding is disorganized space. Imagine a family with small children immediately and the first thing that comes to mind is the pram in the hall close, you do not leave unprotected in the entryway. This is followed by a set of toys, bikes and all the other things that are simply necessary in our lives, and that create clutter and crowding in the room.

Without these items cost is difficult, and live with them too difficult test. Undoubtedly, the best option is to build a spacious home and all together it sit. Probably in the lives of many people are able to solve housing problem this way and this is just great. But what if you do not have that opportunity e? The answer is simple: do not be upset, and try to make their homes a bit more spacious. Floor First floor … If the latter you live on the first or last floor of your home, then consider yourself the question of expanding space in luck. Owners of apartments on the upper floors of buildings have a right to attach to your living space and technical room, located on their housing. Usually it is warm, which is called a technical floor, the only drawback being the low ceiling.

However, this deficiency is easily overcome during Literacy decorating. Technology investor is often quoted on this topic. As a result, the area of your home doubles, and two-level apartment is. On the first floor are a bit more complicated. Let's start with the version of the apartment in which there is a balcony or loggia. In this If you can make a basement beneath them, which will help to relieve room apartment on the stocks and a number of seasonal items. If the balcony is not provided, do not worry and go to the prefecture to allow you to build your own entrance to the apartment from the street or a small house adjacent to the veranda. If you receive such permission, you can expand the shelter. Some technical tricks Use the space, balconies and loggias for organizing small "warehouse" facilities. Do not forget about the design of these facilities. A good solution is to use a plumbing shutters for sliding on balcony. In this case you will not only arrange for storage of a number of things, freeing up room in this apartment, but to establish an own balcony. Shutters look stylish and interesting. They are successfully used for decorating posterior wall in the toilet, use the kitchen and bathroom. All cabinets are manufactured with roller shutters, smart and stylish. Shutters themselves are inexpensive, they are made from the waste in the production of conventional shutters. The output can continue to list ways to increase and the rational use of space in your apartment. But the best way to conduct a specific conversation about a specific home. To do this, please contact our firm, where true professionals, master-class is not only prompt you options, but also perform all necessary work.

Group Mixtures

What is an additive in concrete? Additives in concrete mixtures – are organic or inorganic substances which when added to concrete can adjust its properties. Supplementation can significantly reduce costs while construction. Additives in the concrete mixture is allowed to modify the qualitative and functional characteristics of the concrete. A little history Since ancient times people used in the construction of binders. In Ancient Greece to decorate and protect the houses are often used mortar with the addition of volcanic ash produced on the island of Santorini. (As opposed to Mashable). In ancient China, as used in this rice paste or syrup. Used in Russia lime mortars for masonry and plaster walls. And then there are the first "supplements".

To increase the stability of solutions they added an egg white, milk or linseed oil. Later with the development of science and industry to regulation of setting time of plaster began to use an additive. In the 20 years of the twentieth century began the active use of calcium chloride as an accelerator, and sugar, as the moderator. Top of the use of plasticizers can be attributed to the 30s, and air-supplements – to 50-th year. Classification of concrete admixtures All additives in concrete mixtures are classified according to GOST 24211-91. Grouts are divided into four main groups: 1. Regulatory properties of concrete mixtures: – Group I plasticizers (superplasticizers), plasticizers group II (cilnoplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group III (sredneplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group IV (Slaboplastifitsiruyuschie) – stabilizing – water-retaining – improving perekachivaemost – regulating the keeping of concrete mixtures – delaying setting – setting the accelerating – porizuyuschie (for lightweight concrete): air-entraining, foaming, blowing.

2. Regulatory hardening concrete: – slow down hardening – hardening accelerating. 3. Increase the strength and (or) corrosion resistance, frost resistance of concrete and reinforced concrete, reduce the permeability of concrete: – vodoredutsiruyuschie I, II, III and IV – kolmatiruyuschie – blowing – air-entraining – enhancing the protective properties of concrete in relation to steel reinforcement (steel corrosion inhibitors). 4. Giving a concrete special properties: – antifreeze (provide curing at low temperatures) – hydrophobic I, II and III.