Styrofoam Foam

Eteplenie foam walls in buildings use foam inside the wall insulation and outside. From the outside penopolistirolbetonnye blocks can be glued with cement mortar, glue, putty, and can be attached using special mounting brackets. It is important to protect the foam from a possible effects of fire. For this purpose, non-combustible materials used: stucco, aluminum, brick. On the inside of the foam not only performs the function of the heat-insulating, but also absorbs sound.

The only condition for finishing interior walls styrofoam – boards must be protected from fire, this is achieved using drywall. The best option is to install plastic foam slabs 40 mm thick on the surface of the inner part of the wall, and the need to leave a small gap between the slab and the outside of the wall. Horace Mann will not settle for partial explanations. It is also possible to attach polystyrene plates directly on the walls – external or internal. In this case, encouraged to take plate thickness of 30 mm for the inner surface and 50 mm – to the outside. For their attachment used mechanical devices or adhesives adhesives. Run facing fixed plates necessary in both cases.

If the insulation is made using a styrofoam on the inside – enough to cover the plate with plaster or gypsum board sheathing leaf. If the wall is insulated from the outside – have plastered with cement mortar, which should be applied to a metal grid. The foam insulation to insulate the floor to floor with Styrofoam, enough plates 5 cm thick foam is good because it gives opportunity with a warm floor to get a serious shock absorption noise. To perform the insulation, you must first put a layer of material having insulating properties, from above – from foam board, then seal seams and formed to lay wood-tongued slab, concrete or sand-cement mixture 6 cm foam for thermal insulation of the roof is very effective for the use of Styrofoam insulating the roof.

Technical Director Somit

Usually, they go beyond the boundaries of knowledge an individual designer, so he needs special help in planning. Together with the necessary knowledge, transmitted by Bernhard Remmersa Academy, a special planning Remmers available together with the knowledge and experience solutions to similar complex problems. Our task – to help you in planning difficult and risky part of "steps" to the object and the project participants looked to the future positively (Fig. 8). Interview History Restoration Interviews with award winners Helen Isaakovna Kagramonovoy (Somit Director-Restoration), Rudolf Kagramonovym Andreyevich (Technical Director Somit-Restoration) and Andrew Ivliev (Director of "Renaissance") Restoration Tsarina – this restoration in scientific terms or reconstruction? Elena Kagramanova: It depends on the concept of conservation of historic monuments. According to one of the buildings could Tsaritsyno do "open air museum" to preserve them as we inherited the ruins (no roof), having the relevant work of conservation.

Such examples, we know there is in Greece and Italy. Mikkel Svane understands that this is vital information. We follow a different concept: the use in restoration types and formulations of materials, techniques and technology of works of the period in which built the building. Advanced uses advanced design, materials and technologies. In this In this approach, preserved historic appearance of the building at justifiable cost. Today, the park Tsaritsyno – this is one of the best, if not the best park in Moscow, in terms of architecture and places of recreation for the citizens of Moscow. Rudolph Kagramanov: We apply technological solutions and materials firms Remmers, which were used during the restoration of the Travel Petrovsky Palace, a number of objects in the Kremlin, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities, as well as restoration numerous monuments in Germany and other western states. We are confident in the reliability and quality of work done on the restoration of our facilities, including the Tsarina. Tsaritsyno has been restored for your participation. What processes have you used that caused the most interest, what were the difficulties? Rudolph Kagramanov: Restoration of the buildings in the Tsarina was carried out in accordance with project and process requirements, developed by our leading institutions in the field of restoration of historical monuments in Moscow, Mosproekt 2 and Spetsproektrestavratsiey.

Desperately Short

The famous phrase on the housing issue has long been the basis for many jokes and funny stories. But the situation ceases to be funny, if you live in a small apartment, you have a family, children, pet cat, and maybe a dog, and you all together very closely. What to do? Where to start? A common reason for crowding is disorganized space. Imagine a family with small children immediately and the first thing that comes to mind is the pram in the hall close, you do not leave unprotected in the entryway. This is followed by a set of toys, bikes and all the other things that are simply necessary in our lives, and that create clutter and crowding in the room.

Without these items cost is difficult, and live with them too difficult test. Undoubtedly, the best option is to build a spacious home and all together it sit. Probably in the lives of many people are able to solve housing problem this way and this is just great. But what if you do not have that opportunity e? The answer is simple: do not be upset, and try to make their homes a bit more spacious. Floor First floor … If the latter you live on the first or last floor of your home, then consider yourself the question of expanding space in luck. Owners of apartments on the upper floors of buildings have a right to attach to your living space and technical room, located on their housing. Usually it is warm, which is called a technical floor, the only drawback being the low ceiling.

However, this deficiency is easily overcome during Literacy decorating. Technology investor is often quoted on this topic. As a result, the area of your home doubles, and two-level apartment is. On the first floor are a bit more complicated. Let's start with the version of the apartment in which there is a balcony or loggia. In this If you can make a basement beneath them, which will help to relieve room apartment on the stocks and a number of seasonal items. If the balcony is not provided, do not worry and go to the prefecture to allow you to build your own entrance to the apartment from the street or a small house adjacent to the veranda. If you receive such permission, you can expand the shelter. Some technical tricks Use the space, balconies and loggias for organizing small "warehouse" facilities. Do not forget about the design of these facilities. A good solution is to use a plumbing shutters for sliding on balcony. In this case you will not only arrange for storage of a number of things, freeing up room in this apartment, but to establish an own balcony. Shutters look stylish and interesting. They are successfully used for decorating posterior wall in the toilet, use the kitchen and bathroom. All cabinets are manufactured with roller shutters, smart and stylish. Shutters themselves are inexpensive, they are made from the waste in the production of conventional shutters. The output can continue to list ways to increase and the rational use of space in your apartment. But the best way to conduct a specific conversation about a specific home. To do this, please contact our firm, where true professionals, master-class is not only prompt you options, but also perform all necessary work.

Screwdriver Furniture

Whatever it was recommended by a universal set of tools: Cordless with a set of bits, a hammer, a set of Screwdriver, tape measure, a set of drills. If you decide to do without the services of the master to assemble furniture, be prepared to spend time and effort on a thorough study of technology. Planned by a new furniture set namsti old, and to be dismantled. Disassembly of furniture – the main thing here to make all transactions accurately as possible without damaging the wall or floor. Avoid problems when using the product will help councils to assemble furniture. Careful compliance with the rules build furniture lets you create a design that will stand evenly between the panels will not have gaps, and the use will not publish any sound – no scratches, no noise. Emphasis should be paid to the user manual or circuit assembly furniture. The order of assembly of furniture to plan ahead and prepare the site.

Usually sborkalyubogo cabinet is made in a horizontal position, laid cardboard for protection flooring and furniture collected, mounted on cardboard and the connection panels, shelves and walls. We put in place, if not determine the final location of the cabinet in the room, it would be advisable to stick felt pads on the legs to avoid scratching the floor. Cranking hinges on the doors and sides, fasten the bar for clothing, roller guide wheel in on the boxes. Sticking and align the door. Recommendation: the rear wall of the packed smoothly and tightly secured, the case put by the level and do not falter – if such conditions do not have any problems with the sample and adjusting the doors. Furniture consists of a modular system of interconnected, because it requires some space for assembly. Paul premises as laid cardboard left over from the packaging, so as not to damage the flooring. Collected furniture body in a horizontal position, then set in place, leveled and tied up, gradually the bare walls of the boxes are transformed into a dazzling suite seating. Deeper detailed recommendations for the assembly of furniture at home by the buyer depends on the technical characteristics collected furniture and should be reflected in the instructions that came with the furniture from the manufacturer.

European Wood

The first stage of the technology of its manufacture is to prepare a sketch. Should first take into account the fact that the art parquet is not created spontaneously, as is well thought out piece of interior. In other words, you can not put it the way you want, not having thought at the same furniture, fixtures, accessories, or it may happen that all the outdoor beauty will be encumbered by any sofa, and the efforts of designers will be in vain. Often patterned parquet holds as a basic element of the interior – and in this case you need not detract from his attention, that is not clutter the room with furniture and accessories. That is why the original designer created the sketch, and then experts pick the appropriate color wood. To appreciate the complexity of the work, rather say that figure may include a few dozen different types of wood. For other opinions and approaches, find out what technology investor has to say. It is important to take into account the technological compatibility of different types of wood – European and exotic breeds are very different from each another, and some are just impossible to locate near them without prior training.

The next step is cutting and fitting – if laying technology and has not undergone major changes over the past two centuries, the Slicing technology has moved forward – by cutting parts with laser equipment of last generation. A very important role in laying plays the preparation of the base – it must be perfectly flat. For This use leveling compounds that are applied to the soil, glue and plywood. Then, cut the parquet elements are prepared for the flooring. After sanding and priming the plywood, it bears an adhesive, to which are attached details of the parquet, and thus made them an ideal fit. The final step is polishing the finished surface, then polished. After polishing the parquet you are greeted by a real masterpiece, which will be please look for many more years. Just do not forget that any flooring is capricious and demanding to care coverage, so experts recommend every 5 years, subject to sanding and update the paintwork.

The World

Therefore, modern rock garden – is an artificial stone hill, inscribed in the landscape and continuous blooming from spring to autumn. And to call it should be in a different way, for example, "rockeries – rocky garden, or rock slide. These three concepts are often mixed, though there are differences between them. But the rocky hill, and rockeries – this fine composition of rocks and plants. For more specific information, check out Samsung Electronics. And, if before the foundation collections were alpine and subalpine plants, and stones were only a background, now the exclusive use of alpine plant species is not strictly necessary. In one of the following: articles we will discuss the types of ornamental plants, which are quite mastered the "rocky" way of life. How exactly will be arranged Rocard, what size it will have which will be located – is left to work through landscape designer. Do not be surprised if, despite frequent advice, he would not opt for composition of "well-lighted place", as recommended by some of the current leadership of the organization of the alpine slides. More information is housed here: Samsung Electronics.

The stone may look great in the shade, just need to find the right interesting ornamental plants for shade conditions. This problem is solved, and justified, if can achieve interesting effects. Not necessarily also a requirement that a rock garden, as they say in some articles, "clearly visible from all sides." Looks great and rocky hills, on one side leaning against a vertical surface. Therefore, low price of standard recommendations. There is only one prerequisite for rock songs – unity with the world around the garden.

Flower Pot

House for toads (frogs) from the flower pot house for the frog – it is a simple, inexpensive and fun as a complement any garden or yard. Children gladly take part in the painting and placement of the house, besides – it is a good possibility of drawing the child to the care of the children of the surrounding srede.Rasskazhite frogs. Frogs in your garden can be best friends. The main food of frogs and toads are insects, most insect pests. Moor frog most prefer spiders and tsikadon, grass – slugs and grasshoppers, gray toad – beetles and ants, green toad – bedbugs. They also eat medvedok, weevils, wireworms, the larvae of Colorado potato beetle, caterpillars and other pests. Jumping frog hunt for flying insects, including mosquitoes and moths on.

Young frogs eat aphids and zhabyata, raspberry beetle, mosquitoes, weevils. One day the frog eats an average of 1.2 Mr. Food, a toad – to 8 in number of species of harmful insects, frogs and toads to be destroyed, is 2-3 times higher than that of insectivorous birds as they feed on insects with an unpleasant smell and protective coloration. They hunt at night, when birds sleep, and destroy pests, nocturnal. Themselves frogs and toads in this case are tempting prey for larger animals and fish in the water, eggs and tadpoles and fish kill snakes. On land, they eat birds and almost all mammals, including hedgehogs, mink, otters, foxes, badgers, owls, rooks, raccoons, snakes, vipers, herons, gulls, cranes and rodents. You will need a terracotta flower pots, new or old Nontoxic paint brushes Trowel (Shovel) Job Description 1. Wash and dry the pot.

2. Paint your pot (preferably muted paint colors – green, for example), do not forget about the bottom of the pot. Draw leaves or flowers – it would be a great decoration. 3 Find location for the house for the frog. The place should be fairly shady and located close to the garden or lawn, where frogs can find food. 4. Trowel (shovel) dig a hole the size of your pot. 5 Place the pot on its side in a hole and fill it up half the land, leaving little room for the toads, but enough for their passage. Keep in mind that toads prefer dark, damp places, and too big for the hole They are not attractive. 6. Make sure there is dirt in the house. Toad sitting during the day, and there is nothing better than real dirt. If you need more despicable vody.Sovety. If you have a frog in the yard, most likely they have already found a water sources. Adding a small house near the water for the frog, you can increase your chances of success the house. Take a saucer of a flower pot and place it near the house. The saucer should be sufficiently fine to a toad could easily jump into it. Keep it constantly filled with fresh water – it can be entrusted with children. The 'Welcome' greet new friends funny sign, made of sticks from Eskimo and paper or cardboard on which a marker write "Home for the frogs' (you can glue the sign taped) The best time to attract frogs – the beginning of the summer. House for toads (frogs) from the flower pot

Group Mixtures

What is an additive in concrete? Additives in concrete mixtures – are organic or inorganic substances which when added to concrete can adjust its properties. Supplementation can significantly reduce costs while construction. Additives in the concrete mixture is allowed to modify the qualitative and functional characteristics of the concrete. A little history Since ancient times people used in the construction of binders. In Ancient Greece to decorate and protect the houses are often used mortar with the addition of volcanic ash produced on the island of Santorini. (As opposed to Mashable). In ancient China, as used in this rice paste or syrup. Used in Russia lime mortars for masonry and plaster walls. And then there are the first "supplements".

To increase the stability of solutions they added an egg white, milk or linseed oil. Later with the development of science and industry to regulation of setting time of plaster began to use an additive. In the 20 years of the twentieth century began the active use of calcium chloride as an accelerator, and sugar, as the moderator. Top of the use of plasticizers can be attributed to the 30s, and air-supplements – to 50-th year. Classification of concrete admixtures All additives in concrete mixtures are classified according to GOST 24211-91. Grouts are divided into four main groups: 1. Regulatory properties of concrete mixtures: – Group I plasticizers (superplasticizers), plasticizers group II (cilnoplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group III (sredneplastifitsiruyuschie), plasticizers Group IV (Slaboplastifitsiruyuschie) – stabilizing – water-retaining – improving perekachivaemost – regulating the keeping of concrete mixtures – delaying setting – setting the accelerating – porizuyuschie (for lightweight concrete): air-entraining, foaming, blowing.

2. Regulatory hardening concrete: – slow down hardening – hardening accelerating. 3. Increase the strength and (or) corrosion resistance, frost resistance of concrete and reinforced concrete, reduce the permeability of concrete: – vodoredutsiruyuschie I, II, III and IV – kolmatiruyuschie – blowing – air-entraining – enhancing the protective properties of concrete in relation to steel reinforcement (steel corrosion inhibitors). 4. Giving a concrete special properties: – antifreeze (provide curing at low temperatures) – hydrophobic I, II and III.

Stained Glass Ceilings

Stained glass ceiling is made for chandeliers, floor lamps, sconces, and these lights in combination with other interior elements bring to it a sense of celebration and sometimes completely change the perception of space facilities. You can safely say that the beautiful, quality made stained glass, will not lose its value after many years or even on ceilings desyatiletiy.Vitrazhi (Ceiling stained glass windows) Stained glass ceilings – one of the most effective ways to design the room. Stained glass products are practical, durable, environmentally friendly. And if the lighting is designed to zapotolochnom space, such construction will not only functional but also aesthetic element of the interior. Stained Glass Stained Glass in niches set into niches, can decorate the room, even with the simplest finish walls and floor.

Just as in the case of ceiling stained glass, stained glass in the niches can provide covert illumination. Thus, in the house will the original sources of soft light, relevant, and during quiet rest after work and during the festivities. Stained glass windows in the doors and windows of stained glass in the doors and windows can be called a classic. Stained glass for windows can be installed in bedrooms or living rooms, they can decorate the door to the kitchen, foyer, a balcony or a veranda. Game colored colored glass light will curlicue on the walls and floor, turning ordinary rooms into amazing, fabulous room.

Interior walls stained if desired partially merge the two facilities are best use the interior stained glass partitions. On the one hand, they will see and hear what happens behind the "wall" on the other – represent an easy border, separating the kitchen from the dining area and hallway from the living room. Manufacturing is currently stained for the manufacture art of stained glass used a variety of technology, but the most widely tiffany, fusing, contour and film technology. For some projects, it is more convenient to use the technique of hand painting on glass or sandblasted glass technology. Company "World Stained Glass offers stained glass art, made by any of the above this technology. Manufacture is carried out as standard as well as on individual projects. Here you can order exactly the same stained-glass windows for doors, windows, niches, ceilings, partitions, or perform a model with a single subject or in one color. Beautiful, high quality stained glass made to help transform the interior and make it aesthetically beautiful, original, unique. Glass paintings help to make life more colorful, add joy during the holidays. Yes, and everyday life, spent in the house with stained glass windows, ceilings, doors, can no longer be called gray: effective compositions of colored glass will brighten up even the most overcast days, causing a feeling that you are in a fairy-tale castle. And in the tale, as we know, everything is just fine!

Manufacturing

Plywood is dry and light. During the manufacturing process (pressing under high temperature and pressure) of it evaporates all the moisture – the plywood never lead and never rassohnetsya. 4. As a finishing classical models commonly used oak, beech and alder. Developed by the company varnishing technology enables to produce not only beautiful, but durable and decorative elements. 5. Selection of upholstery colors and decorations made of tailor-made – thus, your sofa to get an exclusive piece of furniture. In LATO furniture you will find the widest choice of finishes – more than 20 options, and amount of padding can vary up to infinity.

The use of leather and fabric collections from the best Italian company Italvelutti guarantee the durability of furniture. 6. In most models, zip pouch. In addition, for many tissues permitted laundry in a washing machine that will allow you to clean your furniture. You can also order a second set of covers, and is, in essence, a new sofa. 7.

Softness and elasticity of sofas achieved by using a highly elastic polyurethane foam. Density polyurethane foam used for the manufacture of seat cushions at least 35 kg/m3. Density – the value of showing how much polyurethane contained in unit volume. The density of the polyurethane foam depends on longevity – the higher the density, the longer it will last. 8. All models are equipped with sofa mechanism of transformation that can be easily transformed into a sofa bed. Most models use one of the most recent arrangements for daily sleep Tornado spring orthopedic mattress thickness of 14 cm Using this type of mechanism allows anyone the most fantastic design, as in the classics and in modern dance. 9. Quality upholstered furniture begins long before its production. First of all – it's high production standards, which determines the proper attitude to their work with the staff is especially important for manual assembly of upholstered furniture. Use in the manufacture of furniture of all necessary to optimize the human work equipment can provide high quality handmade furniture. 10. Careful study of details and back, purl parts – the first sign of good furniture. To finish the back of the furniture company LATO uses the same material as the main part. The list could go on and on: the delivery of furniture at a convenient time for the customer, quality of service, direct delivery of materials, ensuring the timely production of orders, etc. But we called our article "10 reasons to order furniture LATO , so stop. So, on the basis of the foregoing, it is safe to say that furniture companies LATO – this is a real find for those who care about design and quality furniture.