Brown and McNeill (1966) devised an experiment in which studying the phenomenon through the presentation of definitions of uncommon words to which participants had to answer with three written responses: they knew the word, they didn’t know it, they knew it but they not remembered. His research results showed that, in a State of PL, the speaker possesses information on the word which did not recover, especially the initial letter and final, the number of syllables and the position of the main accent, which demonstrated that recovery lexical is not made from the whole or nothing, in a single step, but there isat least two types of differentiated cognitive representations: phonological and semantic information, and whose access also corresponds to differentiated processes. Connectionist models propose us brain and neuronal metaphor that explains the cognitive process of access lexicon through composite neural networks nodes and connections between these nodes. According to this model, words most commonly used units are contectadas more closely with nodes of lower level, such as spelling and phonological traits. Thus, when a node is active or a connection occurs, activation will propagate in all directions, increasing all representations that resemble visual, phonological and semantically the searched Word. Moreover, everytime you render a Word, corresponding to this word (McClelland and Rumelhart, 1981) connections are strengthened by what would become one of the important aspects for this model the frequency of the word, that would make the high frequency words would not be susceptible to PL, while those of low Yes would it be, because its model advocates a central importance to the strength of the connections (a higher frequency of use of Word, stronger connections, less risk of PL).
According to the results obtained by Brown and McNeill, and taking into consideration the explanation of Connectionist models, we considered this experiment with the aim of obtaining experimental evidence in favour of a type of activator, semantic type or type perceptual, which would entail a previous activation and reduce latency in the recovery of the word in the PL as well as confirmation of the theory that are affected to a greater extent by this phenomenon of low frequency wordsresulting in a greater before them reaction time. Therefore, will be presented at the tasks to perform two types of facilitators (priming): a perceptual priming and a semantic priming, into categories of similar words so that it can be comparative, and classified into low and high frequency. The priming effect refers to the influence that possesses a stimulus in the subsequent processing (Schacter, 1995) system performance. We can distinguish several types of priming, including those chosen for this design research: the priming and perceptual priming Semantic (Blaxton, 1989). The semantic priming is affected by manipulations of the level of processing, while the perceptual priming is susceptible to physical manipulations of the stimuli. The perceptual priming is the one who goes to express through indirect evidence. Director of Vertices psychologists graduate in psychology Executive MBA Master in bilingual psychodrama in English and French age 39 years N of collegiate M-22453